Inland waterways
Inland waterways include rivers, creeks, lakes and dams. More people drown in inland waterways than any other location in Australia.

When enjoying inland waterways it’s important to be aware of the risks and stay safe. Whether you’re swimming, boating, or even just relaxing on the bank, there are many hidden dangers that you may not be aware of.

Australia has many beautiful inland waterways including rivers, creeks, streams, lakes, dams, lagoons and channels; however, they can pose safety risks, and these can vary depending on the type of waterway.

The flat, still surface of an inland waterway can give a false sense of security. Currents, undertows or submerged objects – even in seemingly tranquil waterways – can prove to be very dangerous.

It is important to be aware of the dangers and always take care around water. Remember that water conditions which may have been suitable one day can change hourly with the current.

Inland waterways are not patrolled by lifeguards, and should someone get into trouble, there may be no one there to assist.

Unintentional falls into water accounted for 15% of drowning deaths in 2019/20. This is particular risk factor in children aged 0 to 4 year and people aged 65+ years.

Falls also play a part in alcohol- and drug-related drowning incidents, as well as those where people have misjudged the hazards present, such as uneven or slippery banks, strong currents and submerged objects.

Unintentional falls into water
Children aged 0 to 4 years
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People aged 65+ years
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Children aged 5 to 14 years
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Men aged 25 to 64 years
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Young people aged 15 to 24 years

Risks and hazards

  • Sudden changes in conditions
  • Fast flowing water and currents
  • Water visibility can hide submerged objects like snags, rocks and trees
  • Cold water – water temperatures in rivers, lakes and dams can drop to low temperatures and cause cold water shock or hypothermia if you fall in
  • Slippery banks and uneven surfaces
  • Inland waterways are usually not patrolled by lifeguards
  • Can be remote areas without mobile phone reception
  • Depth of the water may suddenly change
  • Flooding
  • Seasonal patterns – going from dry or low water levels to full rivers

How to stay safe in inland waterways

  • Check conditions before entering the water
  • Enter the water slowly, feet first
  • Take care around crumbling riverbeds and slippery dam edges
  • Avoid underwater obstacles such as rocks, branches, rubbish
  • Take care when walking on unstable or slippery riverbeds
  • Avoid crossing flooded waterways
  • Avoid alcohol and drugs around water
  • Wear a lifejacket when boating or using watercraft
  • Always swim with a mate
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